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Education in Homoeopathy

Dr. Eswara Das

Homoeopathy is a rapidly growing system of Medicine and is being practiced all over the world. The system focuses on promotion of physical, mental and spiritual status of health. Though originated in Germany, this system has blended well with the culture and ethos of this country and available uniformly almost in every state. Dr. Eswara Das, Deputy Advisor, Homoeopathy, department of ISM & H, writes about the infrastructure of homoeopathy, the educational facilities and the fast growing career prospects in the field of homoeopathy.

Homoeopathy enjoys the Government support and public acceptance because of its effective strength in curing certain diseases for which there is no or less treatment, cost effectiveness and the medicines have practically no side effects even on long continued use in chronic ailments. There is also a feeling that presence of all the complementary therapeutics offers a much wider spectrum of curative medicine than is available in any other country. Though originated in Germany, this system has blended well with the culture and ethos of this country and available uniformly almost in every state. The details about the infrastructure is shown in table 1.

India is one amongst the few countries which follow a unique education system in this system. Through an Act of Parliament namely, the Homoeopathy Central Council Act, 1973 the Government constituted the Central Council of Homoeopathy in the year 1974 to maintain a Central Register of Homoeopathy and matters connected therewith. This Act takes care of homoeopathic practice in the country. Apart from this about 21 State Governments have also enforced State Legislation to regulate this system. Government of India has taken the following measures to improve the quality of education and practice this system.

Uniformity in Education

There were different types of courses prior to the constitution of the Central Council of Homoeopathy. Most of them were Diploma courses of varying duration. With an intention of brining standards and uniformity, the Central Council with prior approval of the Central Government has enforced:

The Homoeopathy Degree Course (Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery, BHMS.) Regulation in 1983;
The Homoeopathy (Post Graduate Degree Course) M.D (Hom.) Regulation prescribing standards for Postgraduate Course.

These are the major Regulations on Homoeopathic education in the Country. Through another regulation, the "Minimum Standards" to be maintained by all the homoeopathic educational institutions to undertake the above courses is also prescribed.

Under Graduate Education
At present the country has approximately 160 Homoeopathic institutions imparting Degree level education. The total admission capacity is about 7000 per year. About 40 Universities have established Department / Faculty of the Homoeopathy / ad-hoc Board / Committee's. The degree course in homoeopathy is of 51/2 years duration. The minimum education qualification required for admission to this course is 10+2 pass with Physics, Chemistry and Biology along with English as subjects. The admissions are made by the State Governments either through an entrance test or on the basis of merit on the qualifying examination. The candidate should be of at least 17 years of age at the time of admission.

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