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Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Your Pets

Dr. Rakesh. M. Shinde

The skin is a whole body organ and it is very sensitive to whole body diseases. For homoeopathic treatment of skin diseases, the whole body symptoms should be taken into account.

The diseases of our domestic animals, which admit of cure, yield as promptly to homoeopathic medicines as those of man.

The benefits of homoeopathy over other systems of medicine for our pets are many. It cures diseases and not palliate them with the humane nature of its cure.

Inflammatory bowel disease is a condition in which inflammatory cells infiltrate the stomach or the intestines. It is characterized by certain cells invading the wall of the intestines. These cells are those associated with inflammation, which is the body’s result to an infection.

Inflammatory cells include lymphocytes and plasmacytes, which are directly responsible for the body’s immune response. Eosinophils are another cell commonly present in inflammation. Other inflammatory cells called neutrophils are responsible for the actual destruction of invaders such as bacteria. Finally, in chronic inflammation, normal tissue may be replaced by fibrous tissue.

The types of cells infiltrating the intestine determine the type of inflammatory bowel disease that is present.

The cause of inflammatory bowel disease is unknown. Genetics, nutrition, infectious agents and abnormalities of the immune system may also play a role. Inflammatory bowel disease may not be an actual disease in itself but a characteristic response of the body to certain conditions caused by a variety of factors.

The most common signs of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs are diarrhoea and vomiting. The signs may vary depending upon the portion of the gastrointestinal tract involved. Vomiting is more common in cases where the stomach and upper portion of the small intestine are involved. Diarrhoea is more common in cases where the lower part of the small intestine and colon are involved. There is an increase in the frequency of defaecation with mucous and blood in the stool. Sometimes stools become loose. In severe cases, animals may become depressed, won’t eat have a fever and lose weight.

The condition of inflammatory bowel disease is chronic with infiltrates of inflammatory cells.

History: the history of long-standing diarrhoea or vomiting, weight loss, increased mucous in the stool and blood in the stool indicate IBD as a possible cause.

Physical examination: the animal appears thin and intestines are palpable.

Biopsy: the only definitive way to diagnose inflammatory bowel disease is through a biopsy. The biopsy will demonstrate increased numbers of inflammatory cells in the intestinal wall. The types of cells, which are present, will denote what type of inflammatory bowel disease is present.

Rule out other causes: Other causes of diarrhoea and cellular infiltrates must be ruled out.

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