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Central Council of Homoeopathy

Ritu Khurana

A statutory Central Council of Homoeopathy was established in the year 1973 for the development of this wonderful stream of medicine. The Central Council has successfully evolved uniform standards of education in homoeopathy all over India.

This history of homoeopathy in India is linked with the name of Dr. Honigberger, a French man who brought homoeopathy to India. He came to India in 1829 and was invited to treat Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab. Dr. Honigberger later on started practicing in Calcutta.

Dr. M.L. Sircar was the first qualified physician in India. Later Dr. Mahendra Lal Sircar was instrumental in spreading the prestige and fame of homoeopathy far and wide in India. Ultimately more and more people started taking homoeopathic treatment for various diseases and gradually it gained in popularity.

Because of its popularity, there had been a demand for a long time for recognition of homoeopathy as a system of medicine by the Government of India. In April 1937, Md. Ghias-ud-idin, M.L.A., moved a resolution in the Legislative Assembly for the recognition of homoeopathy. Bengal was the first province to constitute a Homoeopathic State Faculty in 1943.

After the formation of National Government on 17th February, 1948, Shri S.S. Samant, M.P. (West Bengal) moved a resolution for consideration by the Constituent Assembly of India which runs as follows :

“This Assembly is of opinion that homoeopathic system of medicine be recognised by the Indian Union and that a General Council and a State Faculty of Homoeopathic Medicine be established at once.”

This resolution was unanimously adopted and subsequently the Government of India appointed a Homoeopathic Inquiry Committee in 1948 and committee submitted a report in 1949. This committee recommended that Central Council of Homoeopathic Medicine should be established.

Homoeopathic Advisory Committee
In 1952, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, the then Union Health Minister appointed a Homoeopathic Ad-hoc Committee which functioned upto 1954 which was later designated as the Homoeopathic Advisory Committee with Dr. K.G. Saxena as the Honorary Homoeopathic adviser.

Towards a Separate Council
Various All India and State Homoeopathic Associations had been supporting the formation of Central Council of Homoeopathy. Accordingly, the Bill for Indian Medicine and Homoeopathic Central Council was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in 1968 which was passed with a few amendments on 17th December, 1973. In the preamble of the Bill following were included -

“A few States have constituted State Boards or Councils either by legislation or by executive orders, for the purpose of registration of practitioners in Homoeopathy as well as recognition of medical qualifications in Homoeopathy. There is, however, no Central Legislation for the regulation of practice or for minimum standards of training and conduct of examination in the system of medicine on all India basis.

A Statutory Central Council on the lines of the Medical Council of India of the modern system of medicine is a prerequisite for the proper growth of development of Homoeopathy.

The main functions of the Central Council of homoeopathy would be to evolve uniform standards of education in Homoeopathy and the registration of practitioners of Homoeopathy. The registration of practitioners on the Central Register of Homoeopathy shall ensure that medicine is not practised by those who are not qualified in this system, and those who practise, observe a code of ethics in the profession.

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