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HEART >> Test >> Lipid profile
This test is often done to determine your risk for coronary artery disease. High blood cholesterol and triglycerides have been linked to heart attack and stroke.

The test may also be done for:
  • Arteriosclerosis of the extremities
  • Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

Total cholesterol
Cholesterol is a waxy fat like substance that is important for normal body functioning. High cholesterol levels are strong indicators of those individuals that are prone to coronary heart disease. Elevated total cholesterol is a risk factor for coronary heart disease. The build-up of plaque in the artery may lead to narrowing (high blood pressure) or complete blockage (heart attack) of the vessel. As levels rise above 180 mg/dl, the risk for developing coronary heart disease increases. A cholesterol value of 220 mg/dl correlates to nearly a two-fold elevation in incidence of coronary heart disease as compared to 180 mg/dl.

Triglycerides
Triglycerides are a type of fat found in your blood. But high triglycerides can raise your risk of heart disease and may be a sign of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is the combination of high blood pressure, high blood sugar, too much fat around the waist, low HDL ("good") cholesterol, and high triglycerides. Metabolic syndrome increases your risk for heart disease, diabetes, and stroke.

HDL Cholesterol Test
HDL (high density lipoprotein) is commonly known as 'good' cholesterol; it helps to carry cholesterol around the body and takes excess amounts of cholesterol to the liver so that they can be excreted. The test is primarily used to assess an individual's risk of developing heart disease. If levels of HDL are high, this indicates that the individual has a low risk of developing heart disease.

LDL Cholesterol Test
LDL (low density lipoprotein) is commonly known as 'bad' cholesterol; LDL carries cholesterol around the body in the blood. It is called bad cholesterol because it deposits the excess cholesterol on the walls of the arteries; this can cause them to become blocked, which can contribute to heart disease and strokes. The LDL test is used as part of a series of tests to determine an individual's risk of developing heart disease. If levels of LDL are high, this indicates that the individual has a high risk of developing heart disease.

VLDL Cholesterol
The VLDL is triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and contains 10-15 percent of the total serum cholesterol. VLDL are produced by the liver and some VLDL remnants seem to promote atherosclerosis similar to LDL. VLDL is the "purest" form of the sticky artery-clogging cholesterol, and also the hardest to measure. VLDL cholesterol is usually estimated within a range based on the levels of free triglycerides circulating in the blood stream. A normal VLDL cholesterol level is between 5 and 40 milligrams per deciliter.

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