Subscribe to Homoeopathy For All magazine. 12 years ~ 5 years ~ 2 years ~ 1 year. Online payment by credit card / debit card.
Article index | Tell-a-friend

Effects of Ageing on Periodontium

Dr. Meenakshi Jain

Ageing is a process in which the natural function of the body slows down. Just as changes take place in all the tissues of the body, they take place in the periodontium as well. The physiological and morphological disintegration is seen in the process of ageing. Correct dental care can help you keep your teeth for a lifetime.


Dental health is a matter of life-long concern. Whatever your age, you can and should have a healthy mouth and a pleasant smile. Your dental health is an important part of your general health. Correct dental care can help you keep your teeth for a lifetime.

Ageing is a process in which the natural function of the body slows down. Just as changes take place in all the tissues of the body, they take place in the periodontium as well. The physiological and morphological disintegration is seen in the process of ageing.

Ageing is manifested to different degrees and in different manners in various tissues and organs. But it has some general features such as tissue dessication, reduced elasticity, decreased regenerative capacity and altered cell permeability.

The periodontium consists of gingiva (gums), periodontal ligament, alveolar bone and tooth.

Age related changes in the gingiva include decreased keratinisation, decreased connective tissue permeability, decreased oxygen consumption and decreased stippling. In the oral mucosa there is a thinning of the oral epithelium, increased keratinisation of lips and cheek mucosa, loss of elasticity and decrease in the number of protein based hexoses and mucoproteins. However there is no change in the salivary gland performance as a result of ageing.

There will be an increase in the width of the periodontal ligament, if there is an increase in the functional load on the teeth and if the functional demand is lowered, then it is decreased.

Similar changes occur in the alveolar bone as seen in the skeletal system. There is decreased vascularity, decreased metabolic rate, reduced healing capacity, decreased or increased bone resorption and density of the bone.

The cementum is increased in amount with growing age. The total width of cementum at age 76 is three times that at age 11.

The greatest change of ageing is the loss of tooth substance caused by attrition. More the age, flatter become the teeth. The masticatory efficiency in an elderly depends on the number of teeth present. Reduction in masticatory efficiency is more likely to be the result of un-replaced missing teeth, loose teeth, poorly fitted dentures or unwillingness to wear dentures.

Some patients are very apprehensive about visiting a dental clinic so much so that they prefer to have carious, fractured, unhygienic teeth. This leads to poor chewing habits and associated digestive disturbances.

Common Dental Problems
What is a Healthy Tooth?

A healthy tooth is strong and clean with solid bones and sound gums. It is free from cavities and decay.

What is Tooth Decay?
Tooth decay describes the condition wherein the tooth, under a variety of harsh conditions, breaks down leading to the formation of a cavity. It starts with a hole/opening in the enamel. If this is not treated, it progressively reaches the deeper sections of the tooth, where the pulp and the nerves are causing the tooth to become sensitive to a variety of stimuli, a variety of gum problems such as inflammation and swelling, pain and ultimately tooth loss.

How does tooth decay start?
When food particles are left on the teeth, especially sugary food, bacteria turn them into acid which eats its way into the enamel, then into the dentine and finally into the pulp. This can be very painful. When the decay reaches the roots, the teeth may have to be pulled out.

Page [1] [2] [3] >>


 

 

T E L L - A - F R I E N D
 
Tell A Friend
*Message to friend
(You may change or add to this message)
:
*Your name :
*Your country :
*Your E-mail address :
Your webpage :
*Friend 1 - E-mail address :
Friend 2 - E-mail address :
Friend 3 - E-mail address :
Friend 4 - E-mail address :
Friend 5 - E-mail address :
     
    By submitting your data you accept our terms.
*Mandatory