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Aloe in Re-establishing Physiological Equilibrium as Ani-inflammatory and Immunomodulator

Dr. Indu Vaid

Pharmacology, the science of drugs that deals with the action of drugs on the genreal system or the individual parts of the body in health. We start this section on the pharmacological aspects of homoeopathic drugs with a view to help the homoeopathic practitioners, students to have a better understanding of the action of homoeopathic drugs. This section will be written by Dr. Indu Vaid who is the Research officer at Homoeopathic Pharmacopoeia Laboratory, Ghaziabad.


Aloe is the genus of the Asphodelaceae family comprising more than 350 species, which grow in the warm areas of the world, mainly in the south of Africa. Aloe has been used in traditional medicine in many countries for thousands of years. Many different ancient cultures (Chinese, Indian, Egyptian, Assyrian, Roman, Greek) knew and used products obtained from Aloe for a wide range of medical purposes as a laxative, skin protector, against sinusitis, gingivitis, fever, convulsions etc.

History
It was known as a product of the island of Socotra prior to Christian era. It was introduced in homoeopathic practice by Helbig who made provings in 1833 Allen’s Encyclopaedia materia Medica, I, 163). Because of its earlier source, the generic name, in homoeopathic literature is Aloe socotrina. However, Aloe from other places including India have been found to equally useful.

Aloes of Commerce
Aloe (or aloes) is the dried exudate (latex or juice) drained from the freshly cut leaves of various species of Aloe like Aloe ferox Miller and its hybrids (for instance, with Aloe africana Miller and Aloe spicate Baker). It is known in commerce as Cape aloe.

Aloe barbadensis Miller, commercially known as Curacao aloe is available in India. Aloe occurs as a solid, amorphous, reddish-black or brown-black to dark brown mass. The taste is bitter with characteristic odour.

Homoeopathic Uses
Homoeopathic uses cover acute gastroenteritis, dysentery, colitis simplex, congestion of portal vein and haemorrhoids. It reestablishes the physiological equilibrium where disease and drug symptoms are mixed. Adopted to weary people, dissatisfied and angry about themself with lumbago. It is being used in 6 to 30 potencies and misused in tincture form (1x).

Aloe socotrina is a remedy well proven that has been commonly used for abdominal and rectal complaints. It has produced certain marvellous cures in chronic as well as acute diarrhoea. It is well-indicated remedy for diarrhoea with a great urgency and a lack of control over the sphincter ani. The urge is so great that the patient has to rush to the toilet immediately.

Diarrhoea is worse in the morning. The patient has an urgency to pass stool immediately on waking in the morning. The attack can come on immediately after eating or drinking anything and is always preceded by colic. There is severe cutting pain in the abdomen around the navel that shoots downwards towards the rectum, cutting like knives. The stool is yellow, thin, offensive and excoriating which burns like fire making the anus sore.

Aloe is also given to treat cases of involuntary stool. The passage may be while passing flatus or urine.

With diarrhoea, there is always fullness in the abdomen with excessive accumulation of gas.

Another complaint frequently treated by Aloe is haemorrhoids that bleed, are blue and appear like a bunch of grapes. There is great itching and burning around the anus. The patient has to constantly bore his finger in the anus to relieve itching. Haemorrhoids are bleeding, sore and tender with relief from cold water application and aggravation by heat and applying ointment.

Besides the abdominal complaints, Aloe is also given for prolapse of uterus in females when associated with fullness, tendency of morning diarrhoea, dragging down of uterus and a sensation of plug wedged between symphysis pubis and coccyx.

The extreme condition of the abdomen drives the patient to despair to an extent that he hates people and repels everyone. He is disinclined to move.

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