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Aches and Pains

Dr. Praveen Tripathi

Aches and pains pertaining to muscles and the joints ae a very common problem. Here, we shall consider a few of the conditions of the joints and muscles in short and how homoeopathy helps in such conditions.


Homoeopathic physicians most often come across patients with aches and pains related to muscles and joints. These queries are common in winter as the cold damp weather may cause the joints to become stiff and painful.

These aches and pains can be caused due to a variety of reasons including injuries, bruises, sprains and conditions of the joints such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, spondylosis and gout.

Rheumatism is term that is commonly used for conditions causing pain and stiffness in the muscles and the joints. Rheumatism is indicated for disorders marked by inflammation or degeneration of the joints and related structures like muscles and tendons which is characterised by pain, stiffness and limitation of movement.

According to Wittly, ‘Rheumatism is a disease which licks the joints but bites the heart.’

A joint is a junction of two or more bones or other skeletal parts. Movable joints are synovial joints. Other joints may be cartilaginous or fibrous. Joints and muscle pain is usually due to overexertion, trauma, and change in climate or just wear and tear. It may also be due to more serious underlying illness such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Here, we shall consider a few of the conditions of the joints and muscles in short and how homoeopathy helps in such conditions.

Joint pain
Rheumatoid arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic polyarthritis characterised by swelling of synovial membranes and surrounding tissues. Subchondral osteoporosis, erosion of cartilage and bone and wasting of associated muscles is also present.

Incidence: Females are affected three times more than the males and is more common in the age group between 20-40 years of age.

Symptoms: The small joints of the fingers and toes are first affected with consequent spread to wrist, elbows, shoulders, ankles and knees. Weakening of the joint capsule and tendon along with ligament damage to joint disability and characteristic deformities of the joints. There is muscular stiffness with swelling of the proximal interphalangeal joints which gives rise to the typical spindled fingers. Joints pain, swelling, muscular stiffness and muscular atrophy increases day by day with the disease. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease which can affect the whole body.

Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is also known as hypertrophic arthritis characterised by the degeneration of the articular cartilage and the formulation of bony outgrowths at the edge of the affected joints. Middle aged women whom the small joints of the fingers, the carpometacarpal joints of the thumb and the interfacetal joints of the spine are particularly affected.

Gout: Gout is an abnormality of metabolism which results in the deposition of crystals in joints, soft tissues and the urinary tract. It is characterised by recurrent attacks of pain and swelling at first only in one joint and later becoming polyarticular. Gout is the result of lack of proper purine metabolism.

Gout is mainly a hereditary disorder mostly affecting the males before the age of 40 years. Clinically, the joints become red, swollen and tender with scanty high coloured urine with polymorpho leucocytosis. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and plasma uric acid is also raised.

In advanced stages persistent pain with deformity of the affected joints occurs. Urine examination reveals albumin, casts and RBC. Uric acid levels are high.

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