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Deworming with Homoeopathy

Dr. Rajendra Kumar

The problem of worm infestation poses a health hazard in our country especially in the villages and slum areas where proper sanitation facilities and drinking water supply are not maintained.


Worm infestation is common where standards of sanitation are low and food and water are likely to become contaminated by human faeces. Most of these worm infestations can be prevented through personal hygiene, improved environmental sanitation and effective public health measures.

Worms are of different variety and affect the human body in different ways. They cause diseases by different mechanisms. Though worms can affect people of any age, infections in children are the most common. Roundworms mostly inhabit the intestines and affect the human body by depriving the host off its nutrients. Hookworms suck 0.4 ml of blood per worm per day for their food and therefore cause anaemia in the child. Worms may also interfere with the body functions mechanically like the roundworms may cause intestinal obstruction.

The problem of worm infestation poses a health hazard in our country especially in the villages and slum areas where proper sanitation facilities and drinking water supply are not maintained. The parasites enter the human body either through swallowing or by penetration through the skin.

Let us consider each variety of worms with their mode of infection, action on the human body and the management.

Roundworms
Roundworms are a class of elongated, cylindrical worms of which some types are human parasites, mostly inhabiting the intestines. Roundworm infestation may cause no symptoms unless large number of worms are present or migration of larvae to other parts of body results in problems.

The common symptoms of roundworm infestation are abdominal discomfort and pain, nausea, vomiting, irritability, loss of appetite and disturbed sleep.

Pinworms or Threadworms
Threadworms are the most common parasites affecting the bowels of children. Most children carry threadworms in the large bowel. The adult female threadworms migrate to the skin around the anus and lay their eggs between skin folds. The sticky fluid in which the eggs are deposited and the movements of the female worms cause intense itching. Scratching transfers the eggs to fingers and from there to the child’s mouth or that of the others and so the cycle of infestation goes on.

Threadworms seldom cause symptoms other than itching and disturbed sleep, though occasionally in girls they migrate between the labia of the external genitals and cause painful irritation.

Hookworms
Hookworms are common in rural areas where much of the population go bare foot and the standards of hygiene and sanitation are low. The condition is also known as ancyclost- omiasis. Hookworm eggs incubate for 1-2 days in moist soil and then release larvae that infect humans by penetrating the skin from where they are carried by blood or lymph to the lungs. Here the larvae enter the alveoli, migrate up the bronchi and trachea to the throat and are swallowed. They attach themselves by their mouths to the lining of the small intestine and suck blood.

The worms hook themselves to the bowel wall and derive their nourishment from blood and mucous causing anaemia, debility, abdominal pain and diarrhoea. The worms can cause a pimply rash at the site of larval skin penetration, coughing and wheezing as the larvae move through the lungs.

Tapeworms
Elongated, flat parasitic worms that live in human or animal intestines. Tapeworms occur worldwide but infestation is rare in countries where there is adequate meat inspection and hygienic sewage disposal. Infection with tapeworm occurs by eating inadequately cooked beef, pork or fish that contain larval forms which mature to adults in the intestines. Adult worms have a small head that attaches itself to the bowel wall and a body composed of many flat segments that break off and are passed in the faeces. These segments then rupture and the eggs they contain may be eaten by the next host animal.

Symptoms of infestation are uncommon though abdominal pain, diarrhoea and weight loss may occur.

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