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Aches and Pains

Dr. Amitha Baliga

According to homoeopathy, tissue changes of body are not the actual cause of disease but the results. The cause lies inside the person and is brought on by external factors such as unfavourable environment.


Homoeopathic physicians most often come across patients with aches and pains related to muscles and joints. Rheumatism is term that is commonly used for conditions causing pain and stiffness in the muscles and the joints. These queries are common in winter as the cold damp weather may cause the joints to become stiff and painful.

These aches and pains can be caused due to a variety of reasons including injuries, bruises, sprains and conditions of the joints such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, spondylosis and gout.

According to Wittly, ‘Rheumatism is a disease which licks the joints but bites the heart.’
A joint is a junction of two or more bones or other skeletal parts. Movable joints are synovial joints. Other joints may be cartilaginous or fibrous. Joints and muscle pain is usually due to overexertion, trauma, and change in climate or just wear and tear. It may also be due to more serious underlying illness such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Here, we shall consider a few of the conditions of the joints in short and how homoeopathy helps in such conditions. Rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, osteoarthritis and gout.

Rheumatoid arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic polyarthritis characterised by swelling of synovial membranes and surrounding tissues. Subchondrial osteoporosis, erosion of cartilage and bone and wasting of associated muscles is also present.

Incidence: Females are affected three times more than the males and is more common in the age group between 20-40 years of age.

Symptoms: the small joints of the fingers and toes are first affected with consequent spread to wrist elbows, shoulders, ankles and knees. There is muscular stiffness with swelling of the proximal interphalangeal joints which gives rise to the typical spindled fingers. Joints pain, swelling, muscular stiffness and muscular atrophy increases day by day with the disease.

Ankylosing spondylosis
Ankylosing spondylosis is a progressive inflammatory arthritis of the spinal articulations. The males are ten times more affected than the females.

Symptoms: the patient suffers from repeated attacks of back pain with stiffness of spine.

Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is also known as hypertrophic arthritis characterised by the degeneration of the articular cartilage and the formulation of bony outgrowths at the edge of the affected joints. Middle aged women whom the small joints of the fingers, the carpometacarpal joints of the thumb and the interfacetal joints of the spine are particularly affected.

Non-articular rheumatism
Non-articular rheumatism and fibrositis are characterised by pain and stiffness affecting mainly the neck, back, shoulders and gluteal region caused by cold, fatigue, trauma, posture, infection, metabolic disorders or endocrine imbalance.

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